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Project 6060 – Lesson 55

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Rostam and Sohrab
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Rostam et Sohrab
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Rostam y Sohrab
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رستم و سهراب
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    Lesson 55

    Rostam and Sohrab



    The epic tale of Rostam and Sohrab, which is one of the most famous stories of the Shahname, has a romantic beginning and a very tragic ending. This story is about the killing of Sohrab at the hands of his father, Rostam. Here, you will read a summary of this very important story.

    One day, Rostam went close to the city of ‘Samangan’ on the Turan border in order to hunt with his horse, Rakhsh. Rostam saw lots of zebras in the plain and caught one of them. After grilling the zebra and eating it, he let Rakhsh free in the plain and he, himself, fell asleep in a nook. A few riders from Turan, who were passing by there, saw Rakhsh, who was busy grazing. They got him and took him to Samangan.

    Rostam woke up and searched for Rakhsh, but didn’t see him. Therefore, he went by foot to Samangan to find Rakhsh. When the king of Samangan heard that Rostam had come to his town, he was extremely pleased and went to greet him. Rostam told him that people had stolen his horse. The king of Samangan invited Rostam to his own palace and promised to find Rakhsh by the following morning. Rostam accepted the King’s invitation and the king threw a party for him.

    After the party, they prepared a special room for Rostam so that he could sleep. In the middle of the night, the door of Rostam’s room opened and a servant with a candle in her hand entered, followed by a beautiful girl.

    Rostam asked the girl, “Who are you and what do you want?”

    The girl replied, “I’m ‘Tahmine’, the daughter of the king of Samangan. I have lots of suitors, but I have always heard of your courage and bravery and dreamed of seeing you. If you consider me suitable, I want you to accept me as your wife.”

    Rostam, who had fallen in love with Tahmine’s beauty, accepted and, that very night, requested her hand in marriage from her father and they got married.

    On the morning of the next day, Rostam removed the bead that was tied to his arm and gave it to Tahmine and said that if their child should be a girl, to tie this bead to her hair, and if it’s a boy, to tie it to his arm. So Rostam said goodbye and went to the king of Samangan. The king gave him the good news that his horse had been found. Rostam was glad and set out on Rakhsh towards Iran.

    Nine months later, Tahmine gave birth to a boy and named him ‘Sohrab’. Sohrab was very similar to his father, Rostam. He quickly became big and strong and at the age of ten years, nobody could defeat him in battle.

    One day, Sohrab went up to his mother and said, “Who is my father? What should I say if someone asks?”

    Tahmine said, “You are the son of Rostam, and from the ancestry of ‘Narmian’.”

    Sohrab was very pleased and then said, “I will bring together an army of Turan’s champions and attack Iran so that I can overthrow the incompetent king, ‘Key Kavus’, and enthrone my father, Rostam. Then I will go with my father to attack Turan and destroy ‘Afrasiyab’, the king of Turan.

    When spies gave Afrisiyab the news that Sohrab wanted to attack Iran, he was happy and thought to himself that, if one of those two, i.e. Sohrab or Rostam, should kill the other in this battle, it would be a good result for Turan and a loss for Iran.

    When Afrisyab heard of this ploy           He was happy and laughing and filled up with joy

    So he ordered two of the army’s commanders in chief that, with twelve thousand soldiers, they should accompany Sohrab and told them that Sohrab must, under no circumstances, recognise his father. And Sohrab moved with the army towards the border of Iran.

    When Key Kavus understood that an army had come from Turan to attack Iran, he asked Rostam to help him.

    When the two champions of the army of Iran and the army of Turan; Rostam and Sohrab, came face to face, Sohrab guessed from the appearance of the champion standing opposite him that this might be Rostam, but Rostam kept his identity hidden from him.

    In the first battle, Sohrab was victorious over Rostam and wanted to kill him, but Rostam, who was worried about the fall of Iran, tricked him and said that, according to their custom, if a young champion should serve a defeat in the first battle against a veteran champion, he does not kill him, but does this on the second time.

    In the second battle, Rostam was victorious and did not have mercy on Sohrab and struck him in the chest with his dagger. Just then, Rostam saw his own signal bead on Sohrab’s arm and realised that he had been fighting with his son. He ordered someone to go and get the elixir from King Kavus so that Sohrab might survive, but Kavus refused to give away the elixir and Sohrab died in the arms of his father.

    As such, the deception and tricks of kings and rulers, Rostam’s mistake, and Sohrab’s inexperience caused his horrible death and the painful end to this story of his braveries.

  • FR
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    Leçon 55

    Rostam et Sohrab



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    Lección 55

    Rostam y Sohrab



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    Translation of Dialogue

    Maryam: What’s your opinion about the story of Rostam and Sohrab?
    Bahman: It’s really beautiful, but tragic.
    Maryam: That’s right, the ending is really painful.
    Bahman: If it were you, how would you have ended the story?
    Maryam: I wanted the elixir to get to Sohrab on time and for him to be saved.
    Bahman: But in that case, Rostam couldn’t be the only hero of the Shahname. Ferdowsi wants Rostam to be unique.
    Maryam: And maybe if he survived, he and Rostam could defeat all the oppressive kings so that there could be peace everywhere.

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    Traduction de Dialogue

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    Traducción de Diálogo

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واژِه نامه
Glossary Lesson 55

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